Scarlet fever is caused by beta-hemolytic streptococcus group A – Streptococcus pyogenes. Is an acute infectious disease that occurs in the most common definition of angina and skin rash. But that proved most threatening illness, and late complications that occur in some individuals.
Usually, children are the most common contingent concerned. The winter months are the most common illness of scarlet fever, the cause is a collection of more people in confined spaces that are not ventilated so often. This is due to the fact that the bacteria that causes the disease is spread by the airborne route – through coughing and sneezing.
The cause is quite durable and can be isolated from objects that have had contact ill. The bacteria contained in the saliva and sputum of the patient. The incubation period is from 2 to 12 days, during which time the person is most highly contagious to others.
How is the infection?
Bacteria have an affinity to the upper respiratory tract, so the first manifestation is angina as tonsils react to bacteria become trapped. Prepared a swelling and redness of the tonsils, which is accompanied by pain when swallowing or pressure.
The language initially filled with white films, but after a few days they start to peel and underneath is visible bright red color, which is why it is called “raspberry language.” Other symptoms are a general malaise, there may be headache, loss of appetite and tiredness to disability.
1-2 days after onset of symptoms in the throat and a specific rash appears on the body. He is represented by small red pimples that fade when pressed. Within a few days, these buds begin to peel and completely disappear. Characteristic is the way their appearance from the upper chest, consistently reaching the upper abdomen and inner thighs.